There are two main species of coffee beans: Coffea Arabica and Coffea Robusta. Coffea Arabica is considered the higher quality coffee bean, while Coffea Robusta is more commonly used in instant coffee and blends.
Robusta coffee beans are often used in blends with Arabica beans, as they can provide a more robust flavor and add body to the coffee. Robusta beans are also commonly used in instant coffee and espresso blends due to their higher caffeine content and strong flavor profile.
Overall, Robusta coffee beans are typically considered lower quality than Arabica beans. However, they are still crucial for many coffee-producing regions and can provide unique flavor profiles when used in blends.
Liberica is a species of coffee bean (Coffea liberica) native to western and central Africa. It is one of the three main commercial coffee species, alongside Arabica and Robusta, but it accounts for only a tiny percentage of the world's coffee production.
Liberica coffee beans are distinct from other coffee varieties in several ways. The beans are larger and irregular, with a characteristic asymmetrical appearance. They are also more woody and fibrous than other coffee beans, with a unique aroma and flavor profile often described as smoky, fruity, and floral.
Liberica coffee is typically grown in regions with a tropical climate, such as the Philippines, where it is the dominant coffee species. It is also grown in some parts of West Africa and Indonesia, but production is limited.
Despite its unique flavor profile, Liberica coffee is not widely consumed or exported compared to other coffee varieties. Its low yields and relatively high production costs make it less economically viable for most coffee producers. Nevertheless, it remains a popular choice among coffee connoisseurs who appreciate its distinct flavor and rarity.